Updated: Jul 9, 2022
We organized a workshop for 2022 Hamlyn Symposium.
The medical robotics field is making a solid road towards its quest of non-invasive and non-disruptive surgical technologies to provide safe, effective and seamless therapies. The surgical technology has advanced various methodologies to transfer and enhance the surgeon’s dexterity to the surgical site while reducing soft tissue trauma. This has been achieved by breaking down and transforming the complex surgeon-robot-tissue interaction. The emergence of soft and hybrid robotic tools and robots in recent years is promising to provide hyper redundancy and dexterity while reducing soft tissue trauma. Sensing and modeling techniques of the surgeon-robot interaction are enhanced by haptic technologies to enhance surgical robot control.
Higher robot dexterity and redundancy raise stakes for intuitive control and autonomy, while models of surgeon-robot interaction assume a through-body physical coupling highly dependent on tissue site sensing. In recent years, cooperative control has been shown to further enhance the intervention outcomes by sophisticated coupling between the robot and surgeon, with benefits to the ergonomy of the surgical procedure and robot precision. Machine learning algorithms have been incorporatedinto such robotic platforms, yet challenges still exist around context awareness, computational requirements. Questions still remain about what is the balance between the levels of autonomy in order to maintain safety and efficacy. What is the guidance according to which we adjust the levels of autonomy of the intervention or therapy?
The workshop aims to raise discussions around this question, rooted in state of art research and clinical experience, seeking guidance on the development of hybrid instruments following participatory design with surgeons and related medical experts.
The workshop will consist of plenary talks by established and leading robotics and clinical experts in the field followed by short talks by experts and rising leaders in the field. The presenters’ gender balance will be maintained at all levels of seniority. The workshop will close with a forum discussion during which we inquire and formulate principles of versatile and seamless technologies which emerge during this workshop. We will invite poster submissions on workshop related topics and encourage PhD and early career researchers as well as junior doctors to participate.
Date: Wednesday 29th June 2022
Understanding of the main current and future challenges to versatile and seamless surgical technologies;
Identifying the main principles and methodologies for versatile and seamless surgical technologies;
Identifying the future of instrument design for optimal access and reduced tissue trauma;
Understanding surgeon’s perspective in co-design process for fast clinical innovation adoption;
Understanding how cooperative control can help surgeons conduct complex surgical procedures;
Understanding how cooperative control can increase efficiency and precision in surgical procedures.;
Understanding how machine learning algorithms can support decision-making and automation for surgical operation.;
Understanding the latest developments and specific use cases of cooperative control, semi-autonomous or autonomous surgical robotic platforms for different types of surgery;
Understanding the challenges and future directions of cooperative control and autonomous robotic system for surgery;
Focus article on this topic which will be shared with the wider public.