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Intelligent Dexterous Manipulation

Here shows our work related to Intelligent Dexterous Manipulation.


Tac-VGNN: A Voronoi Graph Neural Network for Pose-Based Tactile Servoing 

Tactile pose estimation and tactile servoing are fundamental capabilities of robot touch. Reliable and precise pose estimation can be provided by applying deep learning models to high-resolution optical tactile sensors. Given the recent successes of Graph Neural Network (GNN) and the effectiveness of Voronoi features, we developed a Tactile Voronoi Graph Neural Network (Tac-VGNN) to achieve reliable pose-based tactile servoing relying on a biomimetic optical tactile sensor (TacTip). The GNN is well suited to modeling the distribution relationship between shear motions of the tactile markers, while the Voronoi diagram supplements this with area-based tactile features related to contact depth. The experiment results showed that the Tac-VGNN model can help enhance data interpretability during graph generation and model training efficiency significantly than CNN-based methods. It also improved pose estimation accuracy along vertical depth by 28.57% over vanilla GNN without Voronoi features and achieved better performance on the real surface following tasks with smoother robot control trajectories.


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IoHRT: An Open-Source Unified Framework Towards the Internet of Humans and Robotic Things with Cloud Computing for Home-Care Applications

Dandan Zhang; Jin Zheng; Jialin Lin


The accelerating aging population has led to an increasing demand for domestic robotics to ease caregivers' burden. The integration of Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, and human-robot interaction (HRI) technologies is essential for home-care applications. Although the concept of the Internet of Robotic Things (IoRT) has been utilized in various fields, most existing IoRT frameworks lack ergonomic HRI interfaces and are limited to specific tasks.

This paper presents an open-source unified Internet of Humans and Robotic Things (IoHRT) framework with cloud computing, which combines personalized HRI interfaces with intelligent robotics and IoT techniques. This proposed open-source framework demonstrates characteristics of high security, compatibility, and modularity, allowing unlimited user access. Two case studies were conducted to evaluate the proposed framework's functionalities, evaluating its effectiveness in home-care scenarios. Users' feedback was collected via questionnaires, which indicates the IoHRT framework's high potential for home-care applications.


TIMS: A Tactile Internet-Based Micromanipulation System with Haptic Guidance for Surgical Training


Microsurgery involves the dexterous manipulation of delicate tissue or fragile structures such as small blood vessels, nerves, etc., under a microscope. To address the limitation of imprecise manipulation of human hands, robotic systems have been developed to assist surgeons in performing complex microsurgical tasks with greater precision and safety. However, the steep learning curve for robot-assisted microsurgery (RAMS) and the shortage of well-trained surgeons pose significant challenges to the widespread adoption of RAMS. Therefore, the development of a versatile training system for RAMS is necessary, which can bring tangible benefits to both surgeons and patients.

In this paper, we present a Tactile Internet-Based Micromanipulation System (TIMS) based on a ROS-Django web-based architecture for microsurgical training. This system can provide tactile feedback to operators via a wearable tactile display (WTD), while real-time data is transmitted through the internet via a ROS-Django framework. In addition, TIMS integrates haptic guidance to `guide' the trainees to follow a desired trajectory provided by expert surgeons. Learning from demonstration based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) was used to generate the desired trajectory. User studies were also conducted to verify the effectiveness of our proposed TIMS, comparing users' performance with and without tactile feedback and/or haptic guidance.


Robot Learning for Service Robots

Learning from Demonstration for Automatic Tea Preparation for Service Robots

AARON ASAMOAH; Virginia Ruiz Garate; Dandan Zhang

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